Condition -Common Cold

Common cold generally causes a runny nose, nasal congestion, and sneezing. Some people may also experience a sore throat, cough, headache, or other symptoms.

Signs and Symptoms

Cold symptoms generally start about 2 or 3 days after you come in contact with the virus, although it could take up to a week. The most common cold symptoms are:

  • Nasal Congestion
  • Runny nose
  • Scratchy throat
  • Sneezing
  • Cough
  • Muscle aches
  • Postnasal drip
  • Sore throat
Causes of Common Cold

Children are most susceptible to common cold and may get cold many times a year. Parents often get cold from their children. You can catch a cold if:

  • A person with a cold sneezes, coughs, or blows its nose near you
  • You touch your nose, eyes, or mouth after you have touched something contaminated by the virus such as a doorknob

The very first thing one should do is to get plenty of rest and drink plenty of fluids.

Over-the-counter cold and cough medicines may help ease symptoms in adults and older children. They do not make your cold go away faster, but can help you feel better. However, these medicines are not recommended for children under 6.

Condition - Fever(Pyrexia)

Fever is generally a medical condition characterized by an elevation of body temperature above the normal range of 36.5-37.5 degree Celsius due to an increase in the temperature regulatory set-point. When body temperature increases, there is a feeling of cold despite an increasing body of temperature.

Signs and Symptoms

The most common fever symptoms are:

  • Shivering
  • Headache
  • Lethargy
  • Feeling dull
  • Sleepiness
  • Inability to focus


Fever is generally the result of an immune response by your body to a foreign invader. These foreign invaders may include viruses, bacteria, fungi, drugs, or other toxins.

Fever is a common symptom of most infections. In children, immunizations or teething may cause low-grade fever. Autoimmune disorders, medication reactions, seizures, or cancer may also cause fevers.


Generally, if fever doesn’t cause any discomfort, the fever itself should not be treated. Your doctor may prescribe some fever-reducing medications to reduce the body temperature.

Condition - Headache

A headache or cephalalgia refers to pain anywhere in the region of the head or neck. Nine areas of the head and neck have these pain-sensitive structures, which are the cranium (the periosteum of the skull), muscles, nerves, arteries and veins, subcutaneous tissues, eyes, ears, sinuses and mucous membranes.

Signs and Symptoms

The most common signs of headache include:

  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Uneasiness
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Lethargy


There are more than 200 types of headaches, and the causes range from normal to life-threatening. Primary headaches are tension-type headache and migraine. On the other hand, rare primary headache disorders are trigeminal neuralgia (a shooting face pain), cluster headache (severe pains that occur together in bouts), and hemicrania continua (a continuous headache on one side of the head).


If you face headaches on a regular basis, it is advised to maintain a diary containing when your headache starts, and other related things. There could be several treatment options available for treating different types of headaches. For example, head massage may help you relieve headache symptoms. Bringing some lifestyle changes, doing plenty of exercise, stretching the neck and back muscles may help you feel better.

Acupuncture has been found to be beneficial in chronic headaches of both tension type and migraine type. Psychological treatments are generally considered in comorbid patients or in those who are unresponsive to the medication.

Condition - Loose Motions or Diarrhea

Loose motions or Diarrhea is the condition of having three or more loose or liquid bowel movements in a day. It is a common cause of death in developing countries and the second most common reason for infant deaths worldwide. The loss of fluids during loose motion can cause dehydration and electrolyte disturbances.

Signs and Symptoms

The symptoms of loose motions include:

  • Water, liquid stools
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Fever
  • Dehydration

Causes of Loose motions

Viral infections are the most common cause of diarrhea or loose motions.

  • Bacterial infections
  • Intestinal disorders or diseases
  • Reaction to certain medications
  • Intolerance to foods
  • Parasites


If the person suffering from loose motions is severely dehydrated, the doctor may start an IV line to replace body fluids.

Antibiotics may be given to treat severe diarrhea caused by bacteria. The health care professional may recommend using over-the-counter antidiarrheal medications.

Condition - Stomach ache

Stomach ache or abdominal pain is a common symptom associated with transient disorders or serious disease. There could be many reasons behind the onset of abdominal pain such as inflammation, distention of an organ, or by loss of bloody supply to an organ. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) may be caused by contraction of the intestinal muscles or hyper-sensitivity to normal intestinal activities.

Signs and Symptoms

Below are some warning signs of abdominal pain including:

  • Pain in abdomen
  • Location of any tenderness
  • Uneasiness
  • Indigestion

Causes of Stomach ache

Major causes of stomach ache include:

  • Infection
  • Kidney Stones
  • Blockage of a bile duct by gallstones
  • Food Poisoning
  • Constipation
  • Hernia
  • Food allergies
  • Gas
  • Ulcers
  • Appendicitis


The treatment for stomach ache is done after determining the exact cause of the pain. This can range from medications for inflammation, GERD, or ulcers, to antibiotics for infections, to changes in personal behavior for abdominal pain caused by certain foods or beverages.